Ship Theory 2
Ships hydrostatic parameters calculation:
Use of Simpson’s rules in the computation of areas, second moment of areas, volumes, moments of volumes and inertial moments.
Laws of flotation, Buoyancy, Reserve buoyancy, Displacement, Deadweight. Derivation of the formulae for TPC, FWA, BM, MCTC, Angle of loll. Change of draft due to change of density TPC, FWA, DWA. The meaning of the terms Block coefficient, Water-plane-coefficient, Mid-ship Coefficient, Prismatic Coefficient and relationship between them. Metacentric height. Hydrostatic curves and tables.
Intact and damaged ship stability:
Intact stability criteria. The centre of gravity of a ship and factors affecting the same. The centre of buoyancy and factors affecting the same.
The Inclining Experiment. Cross curves of stability. Stability at moderate and large angles of heel. Effect of beam and freeboard on stability. Dynamical Stability – calculation of same by the GZ curve. Use of hydrostatic tables and curves. Virtual loss of GM due to free surface. List with zero GM. Wall sided formula and Attwood's performance. Theory of rolling. Permeability of a compartment. Calculation on bilging and flooding of a compartment.
Knowledge of application of floodable length curves. Factor of subdivision. Criterion of service numeral. Permissible length affecting hull division on passenger ships.
Ship manoeuvring in extreme conditions:
Approaching a pilot vessel. Ship handling in restricted waters. Constant rate of turn techniques. Manoeuvring in shallow water. Interaction with bank, canal, ship and tug.
Berthing and unberthing. Use of propulsion and manoeuvring systems. Anchoring and handling ships in heavy weather. Manoeuvring and propulsion characteristics. Damage due to own ship's bow and stern waves. Navigating in or near ice. Manoeuvring in traffic separation schemes and VTS.
Environmental pollution, basic causes, common pollutants. Operational and illicit pollution by oil, chemicals, hazardous substances, garbage and sewage. Pollution by micro-organisms in ballast water; measures for prevention. Atmospheric pollution by marine transportation.
IMO Model course 7.03:
- SHIP MANOEUVRING AND HANDLING
- Turning circles and stopping distances
- Effect of wind and current on ship handling
- Manoeuvres for rescue of men overboard
- Squat, shallow water and similar effects
- Proper procedures for anchoring and mooring
IMO Model course 7.01:
- KNOWLEDGE OF THE OPERATIONAL AND DESIGN LIMITATIONS OF BULK CARRIERS
- Operational and design limitations of bulk carriers
- SOLAS chapter XII Additional safety measures for bulk carriers
- CSR Bulk
- EFFECT ON TRIM AND STABILITY IN THE EVENT OF DAMAGE AND STABILITY
- Effect on trim and stability of a ship in the event of damage to and consequent flooding of a compartment and countermeasures to be taken
- Theories affecting trim and stability
- KNOWLEDGE OF IMO RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING SHIP STABILITY
- Responsibilities under the relevant requirements of the
- international conventions and codes
- SHIP CONSTRUCTION INCLUDING DAMAGE CONTROL
- GENERAL KNOWLEDGE OF TANKERS AND TANKER OPERATIONS
- Oil tanker operations and related pollution prevention regulations
- LOADING, CARE AND UNLOADING OF BULK CARGOES
- Application of all available shipboard data related to loading, care and unloading of bulk cargoes
- STOWAGE AND SECURING OF CARGOES ON-BOARD SHIP, CARGO HANDLING GEAR AND SECURING AND LASHING EQUIPMENT
Goals and competencies
Knowledge of IMO recommendations concerning ship stability. Knowledge of the effect on trim and stability of a ship in the event of damage to and consequent flooding of a compartment and counter measures to be taken. Precautions when beaching a ship.
Action to be taken if grounding is imminent, and after grounding. Refloating a grounded ship with and without assistance. Action to be taken if collision is imminent and following a collision or impairment of the watertight integrity of the hull by any cause. Assessment of damage control. Emergency steering. Emergency towing arrangements and towing procedures. Knowledge of the effect on trim and stability of cargoes and cargo operations. Use of stability and trim diagrams and stress-calculating equipment, including automatic data-based (ADB) equipment and knowledge of loading cargoes and ballasting in order to keep hull stress within acceptable limits. Actions to limit damage and salvage the ship following a fire, explosion, collision and grounding. Ship construction, including damage control. Working knowledge and application of stability, trim and stress tables, diagrams and stress-calculating equipment.
Implementation of the learning content among others include requirements in accordance with the provisions of the STCW Convention A-II / 1, A-II/2 and the recommendations of the »Master and Chief Mate (Model course 7.01)« and »Officer in charge of a navigational watch (Model course 7.03)« International Maritime Organization, London, 2014
- Rawson K. J., Tupper E.C., Basic Ship Theory – vol 1 & 2, Butterworth Heinemann, 2001, ISBN 0-7506-5396-5 (zv. 1), ISBN 0-7506-5397-3 (zv. 2), COBISS.SI-ID 24173829
- Petrovič N.: Nauk o ladji, UL Fakulteta za pomorstvo in promet, 2003, ISBN 961-6044-58-3, COBISS.SI-ID 121870848
- Eyres D. J., Ship construction , Oxford, Boston, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001, ISBN 0-7506-4887-2, COBISS.SI-ID 4808731
- Watson, D.G.M., Practical ship design, Elsevier, 2002, ISBN 0-08-042999-8, COBISS.SI-ID 1245539
- Tupper E.C., Introduction to Naval Architecture, Butterworth Heinemann, 2004