The Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport
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Maritime Studies

Oceanography and Meteorology


Basics of oceanography and meteorology.

• ocean dimensions, shapes and bottom material, planetary distribution of winds

• basics of chemical composition of water, definition of salinity

• equation of state of sea-water, gas equation of state, air as a mixture of gases, density of dry and moist air

• adiabatic processes, virtual temperature, physical properties of sea-water, spreading of sound and light

• conservation laws (conservation of volume of water mass, mass of dissolved matter, conservation of internal energy, 1st lay of thermodynamics)

• El Niño and La Niña

• Coastal wind, surface wind-driven current, sea-level variability, hydrostatic equation, influence of air-pressure on the sea-level

Basics of physical oceanography and dynamic meteorology.

• stratification of the column of fluid, static stability, buoyancy frequency in the air and ocean

• the continuity equation

• equations of motion in a rotating co-ordinate system (Earth), the Coriolis force

• influence of stratification on motion

• turbulent flow, Reynolds stress, eddy viscosity

• special cases of steady currents: geostrophic current, thermal wind relation, friction in a current, wind-driven current, Ekman transport, upwelling/downwelling, gradient wind, cyclones/anticyclones, cyclostrophic winds, inertial motion, fronts in the atmosphere/ocean

• unsteady motions: ageostrophic winds, divergencies/convergences, geostrophic adjustments

• potential vorticity , topographic and planetary waves, hydrostatic waves and tides.


Goals and competencies

Basic knowledge is achieved about the composition and dynamics of oceans and atmosphere and about their coupling; study of processes that influence life and economy in the sea and coastal zone, as well as their influence on climatic changes. The course develops competences that are basics for the treatment of marine, maritime and ecological issues in coastal zone and oceans.

Basic literature

1.Pickard G.L. in W.L. Emery, 1982. Descriptive Physical Oceanography. Pergamon Press, 248 str. ISBN: 0-7506-2759-X
2.Pond S. in G.L. Pickard, 1978. Introductory Dynamic Oceanography. Pergamon Press, 241 str. ISBN: 0080216153
3.Rakovec J.  in T. Vrhovec, 1998.Osnove meteorologije za naravoslovce in tehnike. Društvo matematoikov, fizikov in astronomov Slovenije, 318 str.